Kyrgyzstan is a country of high snow-capped mountains, clean lakes, water resources, glaciers, medicinal plants and rare animals, as well as unique beauty.
Mountains are the most important wealth of the country, which makes up 94% of the natural totality. It is these mountains that attract a lot of attention from nature lovers. To enjoy the mountain atmosphere, hiking trips in Kyrgyzstan are offered.
The highest points of Kyrgyzstan are distinguished by a special feature – Pobeda Peak with a height of 7439 meters altitude and the second highest point is located in the south – Lenin Peak with a height of 7134 meters altitude. In winter, also it’s possible to organize winter tours in Kyrgyzstan, where you can see the lofty peaks of the mountains of Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan has a huge number of rivers and sources. The longest river in Central Asia is the Naryn River, which is 535 km long. The river is formed by the confluence of two Kyrgyz rivers, the Small and Big Naryn, and flows into the Aral Sea.
Also, Kyrgyzstan is known for its “pearl” lake – Issyk Kul, located inside the Tien Shan Mountains at an altitude of 1606 m. The lake is incredibly beautiful, which is distinguished by its transparency and color change depending on the weather.
The climate in the country is continental, but the southern part belongs to the subtropical zone.
In addition, Kyrgyzstan is famous for its forests and flora and fauna. On the territory of the country you can find deserts, semi-deserts, steppes, meadows, forests, shrubs, swamps. There are about 3.5 thousand species in the temperate zone. This suggests that the variety of mountain landscapes in Kyrgyzstan is high. Vegetation types depend on the habitat and the complexity of the development of the earth’s surface.
Flora is widespread in Kyrgyzstan and it is very diverse. They are interesting in that they are distinguished by early flowering, unusual shape and color, and a unique structure of the leaves.
Vegetation lovers who want to see and discover the world of flora in Kyrgyzstan have great options to make their dream come true. For this, a horseback tour or a hiking tour in Kyrgyzstan is presented to find access to the places where plants live.
It is highly likely to meet flowers such as:
Crocus, two species grow in Kyrgyzstan: the first, Alatavsky – with purple flowers, grows in the valleys of the Kyrgyz Ala Too, Talas and Fergana. The second – Korolkova with yellow flowers, grows in the western part of the Kyrgyz Ala Too.
Onions, there are 77 species in the country. The most interesting next species is Alfatunsky with a spherical large inflorescence of light purple flowers. Grows in alpine and alpine meadows in the Central Tien Shan.
Stonecrop – Distributed along the Kyrgyz Range, in the Issyk-Kul region, the Central Tien Shan, Kemin on rocky and gravelly areas, rock crevices.
Tulip – 22 species are found in Kyrgyzstan, and almost half of them belong to protected plants.
For example: hairy stamen. The flower is golden yellow, star-shaped. These tulips begin to bloom from the beginning of April. They grow in forests and higher along the Kyrgyz Ala-Too, in the Central Tien Shan, Alai, Kemin, Issyk-Kul.
Eremurus is a peculiar plant, Central Asian, represented in the republic by 15 species. It occurs in the steppes, along the Kirghiz Range, in Chatkal, Fergana and Alai.
Violet – light purple flowers with a fragrant smell. They can be found in the groves of the city of Frunze, in the Chui valley, in the forests of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too.
Edelweiss is widely distributed in Kyrgyzstan. It is considered an alpine plant that can be found at an altitude of more than 2000 m. The flower is silvery, it is likely that it was called Edelweiss, precisely because it reflects the highlands. A large number of edelweiss blooms under Lenin Peak. You can also find edelweiss in the Jeti-Oguz gorge and in the area of Son-Kul lake.